Starting at the thousand-year-old Edinburgh Castle and running to Holyrood Abbey and Palace, the Royal Mile is the main thoroughfare of the Old Town and contains many of its historical and architectural wonders. The Castle, with its position atop the extinct volcanic Castle Rock is one of the most striking fortresses in Europe and its current buildings, which date to the 16th century, remain in excellent condition. Next to the Castle is Outlook Tower, in which you’ll find the Camera Obscura, a 150-year-old amusement that provides 360-degree views of the city through a series of lenses and mirrors. Animators will “guide” you through the city by way of the Camera Obscura, explaining local history and events along the way
At the other end of the Mile is the royal residence at Holyrood. The Palace contains the Queen’s Gallery of paintings from the Royal Collection. The ruined Abbey on the grounds dates to the 12th century, when legend has it King David I had it constructed in thanks for narrowly escaping being gored by a stag.