Sicilian history dates back 2700 years, an island where many cultures left their mark, Greek, Roman, Arab, Norman, and Spanish among them. Although Italian is universally spoken now, both Palermo and Catania has its own dialect of Sicilian, developed over centuries, that can be overheard in the market places and outside the downtown areas.
Rich volcanic soils produce abundant crops of oranges, lemons, olives, olive oil, almonds, grapes, pistachios and grapes. Sicilian wines such as those made from Nero d'Avola, or Avola Black, produced by dozens of wineries, have become more popular, and there here are important tuna and sardine fisheries. The local cuisine, developed from the many influences throughout the millennia, and enriched by this agricultural and maritime bounty, can be sampled at the many restaurants, cafes and street food stands. Each town is it's own microcosm of cooking styles and customs, since they often developed quite separately from one another. Architecture can vary greatly from one town to another too, particularly between Catania and Palermo.
Sexuality here is still somewhat characterized by old Mediterranean norms, where women ruled the household, and men did many things about which they didn't speak - and they didn't leave home until marriage. Sex between men is nothing new for sure -- but the concept of gay identities is a recent arrival. As relationships become more open, gay clubs and bathhouses are popping up in the larger cities, pulling big crowds; and a more assertive gay activism led to the first Sicilian pride parades, in 2010 - in both Palermo and Catania. But change comes slowly, so in places at a distance from the major cities, as in much of southern Italy, men have remained discreet in general society, cruising parks, woodlands and beaches on the down low, or they have moved to the big city. But, in a sign of change unthinkable here not long ago, Rosario Crocetta won election as governor of Sicily in a recent regional election here (October 2012), as an openly gay man.
Catania Fontanarossa is 4.3 km southwest of Catania near the A19 highway that links Catania with Palermo. Bus service runs every 20 minutes between 5am and midnight, from the Airport to City Center Train Station. in summer buses leave every hour to Taormina (Via Pirandello Station), a trip of 50 minutes.
Falcone-Borsellino Airport is 35 km WNW of Palermo. The Trinacria Express train connects Palermo directly with the airport terminal. Buses make the trip every half hour - 4am to 11pm from Palermo, 6:30am to midnight from the airport.
AMAT city buses will get you around Palermo. The main terminal is in front of Stazione Centrale. Trips cost 1.30 euros for 90 minutes or 3.50 per day. Tickets are sold at most tabacco stores or ticket booths. There's also a small Metropolitana subway system.
Catania has a compact downtown, and public buses are infrequent, so walking is usually the easiest way to get around. The short metro line runs between the Port and Circumetnea (Borga) train station. From here there are rail connections to the villages on the slopes of Mount Etna.
Media & resources
There are Catania and Palermo listings at the website for all Italy at guida.gay.it The local bear group lists gay businesses, al fresco cruising spots, and local events, at their website Orsi Siculi.
Open Mind, the Catana gay community center (via Gargano 33), organized the July 8-10, 2010 Independent Catania Pride, with a parade from Piazza Cavour to Piazza Università.
Arcigay, the national gay and lesbian association of Italy, has local chapters for each region, including Sicily. Many of the clubs and saunas are affiliated, so a membership in one is good for any of the others. Arcigay Palermo efforts against homophobia culminated in the June 19, 2010 Pride that saw over 10,000 people take to the streets of Palermo, and a city hall resolution to address the violence and discrimination sometimes directed against GBLT people.
Il Giornale di Sicilia has news, reviews and good events listings and reviews for the whole island (see Dormire, Mangiare, and Eventi tabs).
Sulfurous hot water springs from beneath Mount Etna, are to be found at spas or in natural surroundings in Sicily. For an overview on the subject see the Siciliamo blog site.
To read about the Golden Age of Norman Sicily 1061-1250, and possible origins of blue-eyed Sicilians, see the Best of Sicily Magazine article on their website.
For locations and website llinks for businesses listed below and more, see our Sicily gay map & listings pages.
In this city of over a million at the foot of Mount Etna, (Europe's largest volcano), people are more tolerant of outright gay expressions of affection than in the surrounding countryside.
Catania is distinctive for Baroque architecture, a theatrical style of grandeur popular in 17th century Europe. The city was rebuilt after being completely destroyed by earthquakes and lava flows from Etna in 1693. Typical is the abundant detail, statues, the use of gold, columns, garlands, wreaths, grand façades and elaborate frescos. Unique here is the use of dark basalt, or lava stone from this volcanic region.
Food specialities include Arancino (rice, tomato and cheese fried balls), cannoli alla ricotta, and local fish, as many fishing boats still put in here. Piazza Duomo is the main fish market. Horse meat is another favorite, found around the Benedictine Monastery. Tavola calde are traditional street vendors of good food cheap, with pizzas, pastas hot and cold, salads, panini, desserts, and drinks.
Catania going out
Café Ziggurat (Piazza San Francesco d' Assisi 4/5), was Caffé Neva, American-style bar, restaurant and pizzeria; young, casual & chic crowd.
Codice Rosso (via Conte Ruggero, 48), Thursdays through Sundays local men's cruise bar, naked and blackout parties.
Pegaso's Circus (viale Kennedy 80), Catania's biggest gay complex, disco, bars, darkroom and labyrinth; also shows, events, special parties, restarant and guesthuse rooms, across street from "Lidos" along the beach.
Sauna Mykonos (via Platamone, 20) dry and steam saunas, dark room, swimming pool, whirlpool, solarium, bar, massage services.
Terme di Achille Sauna (via Tezzano 13), bar, cabins, dark room, massage, internet access, Turkish bath, sauna.
Acqua dell'Arte (via Cristoforo Colombo, 46 ), at the Baroque heart of Catania, rooms from 40 euros, near old fish market and bus station.
BAD Bed & Breakfast Catania (via Cristoforo Colombo 24), small gay-friendly guesthouse.
Catania City Center B&B (via Naumachia 103), friendly staff, casual, central guesthouse and apartments, en-suite bathrooms, all comforts, rich breakfast.
Crispi Rooms (via Francesco Crispi 15), mid-range price hotel at center of historic Catania, near central train station.
Hotel Villa Romeo (via Platamone 8; Hotelvillaromeo.it), more upscale three-star Catania hotel, gay-friendly in-house Havana Pub.
Il Principe (via Alessi 20/26), full-service hotel, restored grand building, baroque Catania center, private bathrooms, Jacuzzi or shower, AC, WiFi, satellite TV.
San Max Hotel (via Etnea 329), modern rooms in an elegant restored palazzetto, traditional Sicilian hospitality, all the comforts, central location.
Tre Vie (3vie.eu), one-bedroom flats with WiFi; elegant, refurbished 18th century palazzo at centre of old Catania, short walk to Cathedral Square.
Not previously known as a gay destination, this largest of Sicilian cities now has more of a scene, with more gay-friendly clubs and bars than ever before.
Founded by the Phoenicians, named by Ancient Greeks (Panormus), Palermo remained a part of the Byzantine Empire, for a thousand years, long after the Roman era. As with Catania, it was under Arab, then Norman rule; and from 1130 to 1816 it was the capital city of the Kingdom of Sicily. Italian unification came in 1860. The grip on the economy of the once powerful Mafia has faded since the death of two judges, (for whom the airport is named), in the turmoil of the early 1990s.
This largest Sicilian city, the main center for industry and commerce, is known for fine restaurants, Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque churches, palaces and other fine buildings, and for it's nightlife and music scene. The Teatro Massimo opera house is the largest theater in Italy, recently restored, and with an active schedule. The Teatro Politeama is another grand edifice fronted by a lively piazza.
Local cuisine is a legacy of the many cultures that arrived on these shores. Look for pasta con le sarde (sardines, fennel, capers, peppers, pine nuts and pasta), a Palermo favorite. The many varieties of cannoli with their sweet fillings might top off the meal. As in Spain, most people eat late here, usually not before 9pm.
Besides the many restaurants, there is good food to be found almost anywhere in the streets. Hot snacks of buffitieri might include pane e pannelle (chickpea fritters), sfincione (onion and cheese baked on dough) or a variety of pancake-like scaccie. A festival to honor Saint Lucy features boiled wheat cuccìa. The poplulation was once said to have been saved from famine, when a ship with grain mysteriously arrived - this attributed to the intercession of the saint - and people didn't waste time making flour. For meaty cravings the pani cu'la mensa (beef spleen bread rolls), stigghiola (onion, cheese, parsley, stuffed goat intestines), or the many kinds of meat and vegetable stuffed breads, known as impanata, are quick, inexpensive nibbles. For sweet options there are brioche with ice-cream, fruit, or nougat stuffings.
Palermo, going out
AltroQuando (via Vittorio Emanuele 143, aka Palermo Cassaro), bookstore, comics, alternative and counterculture press; experimental, arts, culture, LGBT, ethnic and independent music
Berlin Café (via Isidoro la Lumia 21), chic, comfortable pub and lounge, live evening entertainment.
Blow Up (Piazza Sant'Anna 17-18), in association with Arcigay Palermo, periodic GLBT dance parties for many music tastes, open to the whole GLBT rainbow tribe.
Casa Del Brodo (Vittorio Emanuele 175), classic elegance since 1890, informal ambience, winter fireplace, patio beside 15th century walls, bookstore, music and literary events.
Cha Pa (Via Velasquez 28), gay-friendly cafe, hundreds of tea blends, flat breads, pancakes, soups, meat and cheese; wines, cocktails, hot chocolate, cakes and sweets.
Exit Drinks (Piazza San Francesco di Paola 40), big gay Rise Up dance party bar, all ages, men & women, straight-friendly, theme parties, go-go boys, drag and cabaret shows, bear nights.
Il Tre Boracci at I Candelai (Via Candelai 65), monthly gay parties. See the Tre Boracci website for more gay parties that rotate among clubs such as La Taberna, and Zoccoletta.
I Grilli Giù (Largo Cavalieri di Malta 11), popular cocktail lounge, birrerie and restaurant near Vucciria marketplace, DJ music.
ArcigayPalermo lists other periodic dance nights around town.
Outside Palermo there's nude sunbathing at the gay-frequented beach at Barcarello, a rocky spot reached on the bus to Sferracavallo - look for the signs or ask the locals.
Between Messina and Palermo, seaside at Castel di Tusa near Cefalù, Atelier sul Mare (via Cesare Battisti 4), an unusual combination of hotel and museum. Thirteen of their 40 rooms designed and decorated by 18 acclaimed artists. Stone hallway walls are naturally wrought, and terraces are filled with flowers.
Scenic, tranquil Taormina was once popular with screen legends the likes of Dietrich, Crawford, Hayworth, Garbo, and Taylor. Tennessee Williams, Truman Capote, and Cary Grant also liked to visit.
The town had also been home to Wilhelm von Gloeden, the German photographer known for pastoral nude studies of Sicilian youth. His work was widely admired in Germany, England, and America at the time, and his house in Piazza San Domenico (until his death in 1931) hosted visiting royalty (Wilhelm II, Edward VII), industrialists such as Krupp, artists, the composer Stauss, and writers from Gide and Kipling, to Oscar Wilde - who came in 1897, after his disgrace. Despite obvious homoerotic overtones, his work was noted in the Baedeker guide, and printed in travel magazines, creating a popular notion of an exotic, romantic Mediterranean that survives to this day. Much of the photographer's considerable wealth was shared with local people in what was then a relatively poor region. Fascist authorities destroyed most of his glass plates soon after his death, but some survived - hidden by locals, or in foreign collections. Von Gloeden's last model died in 1977 at the age of 87, but postcards of the young men may still be found in shops.
Even now you'll find a few "arty" and gay-friendly bars, restaurants and guesthouses in Taormina. Between here and Catania the slopes of Mount Etna are dotted with small villages, many of which have idyllic country guesthouses, in refurbished ancient stone buildings.
Isoco Guest House (Via Salita Branco 2), small Taormina guesthouse, caters to gay visitors, great sea views, internet access, kitchenettes, garden with hot tub. Taorminese, the proprietor, is happy to help with tips and guidance - such as directions to Le Rocce (the cliffs), a gay section of beach.
At the foot of Mt Etna, 18km out of Taormina, between Catania and Messina, La Gardenia (via Gebbia San Basile, 23, Nunziata/Piedimonte Etneo) is on an ancient wine estate and fruit orchard. Tranquil, rustic charm, all modern conveniences, lounge/bar, restaurant, swimming pool; beaches and golf course nearby.
For more lodging options throughout the island, see Bed-and-Breakfast-Sicilia. For map locations, phones and websites for the above businesses see our maps & listings tab, and for more about Sicily click our pics & events tab.millennia
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