Stuttgart has eleven museums, with exhibits in modern and ancient art, as well as natural history; and those devoted to the industrial endeavors of the Mercedes-Benz and Porche automobile companies. Home to the philosopher Hegel, his birthplace is today a museum. The writer, Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was also born in Stuttgart.
The State Theatre (Staatstheater Stuttgart) here is home to prominent companies of opera and ballet. The State Gallery (Staatsgalerie) has a collection of old masters of the Italian and German Renaissance and Dutch/Fremish works inherited from the 18th century dukes of Württemberg. The collection grew with 19th century works of 'Swabian Classicism,' and since 1945, with 20th century and contemporary works of art.
Among local historic structures, mostly destroyed in the war but now restored, are the Altes Schloss, the old castle (1300-1500), the Alte Kanzlei (the 16th century chancellery), and the Neue Schloss, or new castle (1746-1807). The Schloss Solitude is a romantic castle in a nearby forest. The Cathedral Church (Domkirche), St. Eberhard's, became a Protestant church in the 1500s. The pulpit here dates from the 1100s.